Anyone who has suffered from brown patches of skin known as a type of hyperpigmentation called melasma understands what a pain it is to deal with after the summer. While melasma occurs because of hormonal changes, it seems to be worse after the summer. Summer affects everyone’s skin, but thankfully, there are several treatment options to help return your skin to its natural glow.
However, people with hyperpigmentation should be cautious about any type of treatments or products they use. Due to their skin’s sensitivity, some of these products or treatments will worsen their pigmentation issues rather than make them better. It is best to speak with your dermatologist if you have concerns about which treatments would work best for your skin.
Summer weathers your skin, so at the end of the season, your skin needs a good exfoliation. Exfoliating means removing the dead skin from the surface. Those dealing with melasma will need to do more than the standard exfoliation treatments or microdermabrasion. Some people have found positive results with chemical and laser exfoliation treatments.
Most dermatologists will recommend retinol to anyone wondering how to get rid of hyperpigmentation. Retinol is most often used to treat acne; however, it is an option for hyperpigmentation because it helps fade dark spots and encourages new cells to grow. Unfortunately, those with dark skin should avoid this type of treatment as it may cause more dark spots to form.
Another treatment for skincare after the summer involves adding some Vitamin C to your skincare routine. Vitamin C is a known antioxidant, as well as a skin brightener. Vitamin C works to improve and even your skin tone. Look for skin products that include Vitamin C to help repair the damage and maintain your healthy skin post-summer.
For years, the most regularly prescribed hyperpigmentation treatment was hydroquinone. With the rise of serious side effects, it is no longer a favorable solution. Fortunately, Cysteamine cream provides a healthy alternative to hydroquinone. Cysteamine cream is a safe and effective melasma treatment with a natural ingredient already found in human cells. Patients who use the cream once a day will notice their skin lightening in as little as six weeks.
Keeping Your Pigmentation Even After Treatments
First and foremost, you must use sunscreen daily. Daily sunscreen use helps prevent further sun damage or the recurrence of hyperpigmentation. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, “Just a small amount of sun exposure can make melasma return after fading. Sun exposure is why melasma often is worse in summer. It also is the main reason why many people with melasma get it again and again.”
In addition, dermatologists strongly encourage patients whose melasma has cleared to continue skincare maintenance therapy. This means you should practice a healthy skin care routine. For example, taking care to cleanse your face in the morning and the evening. You should also use gentle skincare products including retinoids and Vitamin C.